This section provides generic information concerning operations in the Free Route Airspace (FRA) within DK-SE FAB FRA and NEFAB EAST FRA as of 23 June 2016. Detailed information on FRA is provided in the AIPs of the participating states.
The concerned area consists of Finland FIR (excluding Helsinki TMA), Koebenhavn FIR, Riga FIR, Sweden FIR and Tallinn FIR. The vertical limits of this common FRA are as follows:
- NEFAB EAST FRA FL095-FL660 (EVRR FIR FL095-FL460)
- DK-SE FAB FRA FL285-FL660
FRA GENERAL PROCEDURES
Entering and exiting FRA
Entering/exiting the common FRA from/to outside airspace is always via FRA Enter (E) and Exit (X) points. These points are usually located on the outer FIR border. In some instances there is a compulsory ATS route or a published DCT segment to/from the FIR boundary to/from these (E) and (X) points. These mandatory routes are described in national RAD/AIP. An example of such mandatory ATS route is depicted in the figure below, showing TOMPA as FRA (X) point and traffic leaving Estonian FIR towards Sankt-Peterburg FIR shall plan P862 after the FRA (X).
Helsinki TMA is not part of the FRA. Transiting through the Helsinki TMA is via (E) and (X) points located at the TMA boundary.
Arriving and departing within FRA
For arriving traffic a DCT route to aerodrome FRA arrival (A) point is allowed, regardless the flight level at the arrival point. These arrival points are usually located in the vicinity of the airports. In some instances arrival points are located further away from the aerodrome and there is a compulsory ATS route or published DCT towards the TMA.
For departing traffic a DCT route from the aerodrome FRA departure (D) point is allowed, regardless of the flight level at the departure point. In some instances departure points are located further away from the aerodrome and there is a compulsory ATS route or published DCT from the TMA.
Arrival (A) and departure (D) points for each aerodrome are defined in national AIP/RAD. The possible mandatory arrival/depature segments are also published in national AIP/RAD.
The following aerodromes have mandatory arrival/departing routes:
EFIN FIR: EFHK
EKDK FIR: EKCH, EKRK
ENOR FIR: ENGM, ENRY, ENTO
ESAA FIR: ESCF, ESGG, ESGP, ESKN, ESMS, ESSA, ESSB, ESSL, ESSP